We will carefully study natural fabrics such as linen, cotton and wool, as well as their history. Today, from basic underwear to high-end fashion, you can find natural fabrics in various shapes, styles and forms. In the past few decades, because it takes time to process raw materials and weaving, fabrics are valuable commodities. People are limited by the fabrics that can be purchased locally unless they are very wealthy. For example, today, cotton is considered a "everyday" fabric, from cheap T-shirts to designer jeans. Centuries ago, it was a precious imported fabric from India and China, which was used to make fancy dresses and home robes for the rich. ‘Exploring the history of fabrics gives us a glimpse into the daily lives of people in the past, as well as the economic and social forces that shaped fashion.
The first is linen, which is one of the oldest textiles, dating back nearly 10,000 years. Most people associate linen fabrics with more expensive clothes, fancy tablecloths and napkins. Historically, it was a staple of everyday clothing, especially underwear, until the invention of the cotton gin in the late 1700s to make cotton production more cost-effective. Let's take a moment to explore the rich history of flax.
Linen cloth is made of cellulose fibers from the inner skin of the flax plant. These fibers are called bast fibers, and flax is one of several plants that produce them, including hemp, jute, and lime. Materials made from bast fibers have similar properties, such as drying faster than cotton or wool, and being stronger when wet. This may be a key reason why items such as ropes and sails were made of bast fiber before modern synthetic materials were used.
Turning bast fibers into cloth is a long process. Unlike wool, which can be simply washed and then carded or carded into spinning preparation, bast fibers need to be separated from their woody stems and ready to be spun in a multi-step process.
After the flax is harvested, the seed pods are collected for planting in the next season. Flax must be soaked' to soften the woody outer stem, which is called retting. Retting can be done in one of two ways. The first is to soak the flax in a stream or bathtub. The second is by immersion in dew, which is placed on a field drenched in dew in autumn. Careful attention must be paid to flax, because if left for too long, it will rot and damage the internal fibers. A stream or bathtub immersion may take several days, while a dew immersion may take several weeks.
Dew impregnation of flax linen in a field for dew impregnation
The impregnated flax is then dried and ready for processing. First, the dried flax passes through the jaws of the flax crusher to loosen the flax thread from the core, which is called boone. Then use a spatula to scrape off the roots and flower ends of the flax. Finally, the flax is pulled out through a set of spikes called hackle. This separates the blessing from the flax. Continuous chopping separates the long flax bundles from short sections called tows. Tow is used for coarse cloth such as sacks, packaging materials such as peanuts in ancient times, or as a caulking agent for joints. The resulting long fibers are bundled together as flax bundles and stored until they need to be spun into linen cloth. When the entire process is completed, more than 85% of the flax plants have been stripped out for weaving.
Of course, many Curtain fabric Supplier now like to use woven imitation linen fabric as curtain fabric, after all, linen is still very popular for customers.